China & Hong Kong
“In Hong Kong, it’s Lack of Expertise; in China, it’s ICT Infrastructure”
What e-content means in China & Hong Kong:
A: China: Most of the e-content development in China is in Chinese. We are in the stage of evolving from developing pure web information to developing e-content services, e-knowledge management, and e-cultural preservation. There is no concept of web accessibility.
Hong Kong: HK has started promoting the awareness of web accessibility.
What is the current status of e-content in your country, including national e-content development across all the sectors of the industry?
China: E-content is in its initial stage. Most web sitesoffer pure information only.
Hong Kong: E-content is in an advanced stage: its e-government is one of the leaders in the world. B2B e-business is moving fast but B2C services are not very successful because HK is geographically so small and convenient.
Which e-content area is best developed in your country?
HK: E-Government and E-Business
Which sectors in your country are the leaders in e-content development?
China: Government and the Private Sector
HK: Government and the Business Sector
Please list the major initiatives which have influenced and spurred the development of e-content in your country.
China is driven by the needs of people to acquire more information and is aggravated by the huge digital divide between urban and rural area.
HK is driven by corporations that want to enhance their corporate image, create business opportunities, and offer better services to customers but are hindered by the small market size of Hong Kong itself and the content culture difference between Hong Kong and China mainland.
What have been the major bottlenecks in the development of e-content in your country?
In China, it would be the ICT infrastructure and the general understanding of the development of meaningful and high quality e-content while in Hong Kong it is the awareness of the best practices of e-content, the ability to develop good e-learning content, and the fact that the market size of Hong Kong market is small.
In developed countries ICT has become part of daily life and e-content development is primarily left to the initiatives of individuals or organizations. On the other hand, in less developed countries, the development of e-content is largely dependent on ICT infrastructure. Please give a detailed analysis of the situation in your country.
In China, e-content is largely dependent on the ICT infrastructure and in Hong Kong, there is an insufficient supply of experts and talents who can develop high quality e-content.
How would you describe the ICT scenario in your country? Please describe it in terms of infrastructure, penetration, acceptance and policies.
Infrastructure: under developed;
Penetration: large Digital Divide between urban and rural areas;
Acceptance: high in urban areas, very low in rural areas;
Policies: under developed.
Infrastructure: highly developed;
Penetration: amongst the highest in the world;
Acceptance: very high;
Policies: well developed.
How do you see the future of e-content development in your country?
The persisting digital divide attests that the path towards providing connectivity and technology infrastructure alone would still not enable a majority of the population to benefit from the current availability of information. Information in foreign languages is largely unreadable to our senior citizens and disadvantaged groups. Being able to operate the computer only in Chinese presents a major obstacle in gaining universal access to information and learning, both basic human rights.
What is required is to enable all citizens to access and publish content in the languages that they speak and write in, on a daily basis. Access equates to providing local language computing framework and tools to ultimately translate and display this information in Chinese for HK citizen.
We are suggesting the local government to provide resources to support content development for specific disadvantaged groups and support the R&D of Chinese content enabling technology and application.
As an expert in your country, what would be the five most important pillars of e-content development?
» Freedom of Speech;
» E-Content scanning and regulatory mechanisms should not be promoted;
» Creativity and Quality;
» Social Responsibility;
» Knowledge Discovery and Transfer;
» Network Infrastructure and e-content Development Tools.