“E-Content will be more Present at Home, in Schools and at Public Institutions”
What E-content means in Morocco:
A: In a general way, people in Morocco don’t know the meaning of e-content at all but in the technological and business community, people understand it very well. Many platforms of e-content were launched over the last three or four years in Morocco.
What is the current status of e-content in your country, including national e-content development across all the sectors of the industry?
From a technological point of view, especially in the area of ICTs, Morocco is often at the same level of development as any other occidental country. The potential of knowledge in ICTs in Morocco has been proved at many times. Moroccan engineers and researchers work on very advanced subjects, such as meta-search-engines, mobile applications etc. Their competence is recognized in many countries, such as France, Belgium, USA, Germany, etc. where they work and bring real added values. Others work in Morocco on projects for export, since, there are many occidental companies, which have chosen to sub-contract projects in Morocco. Structured companies use, in a general way, the Internet, and some national or international online services.
The problem in Morocco is the fact, that the economy and the level of richness of the population are not sufficiently high to constitute a real market for ICTs. Only a part of the population has access to ICTs, so the development of e-content is hard to achieve while there is no profit. That doesn’t mean that, there are no online Moroccan platforms at all, but they are not numerous in comparison to what they should be. Many actions have been undertaken recently for giving a real rise to ITCs and to develop national e-content.
Which e-content area is best developed in your country?
E-learning is taking an important place in the decision makers’ priorities. Many e-learning projects are taking shape e.g. Medforist, Avicenne. The major part of e-content is oriented towards e-inclusion, but there are some e-business portals such as ‘Royal Air Maroc’ (www.royalairmaroc.com), and many e-culture web sites. The press is represented in a good manner on the web (www.leconomiste.com).
Which sectors in your country are the leaders in e-content development?
The sectors which are more aggressive in developing e-content in Morocco are the public sector (government) and the business sector. Civil society is not really involved in this development.
Please describe the progress of e-content development in your country.
I am optimistic about the development and progress of e-content in Morocco despite various problems and difficulties. In the next five years, I am convinced that e-content will be more present at home, in schools and at public institutions. Several fields will make considerable strides, especially e-learning, e-government, and e-business particularly in the B2B area.
Please list the major initiatives which have influenced and spurred the development of e-content in your country.
» Some tax reduction in favour of young promoters;
» The creation of a technological park in Casablanca;
» The increase of the IP connection BW through cable;
» The introduction of the VSAT technology four years ago;
» The creation of a committee to take charge of the e-administration project;
» The decrease of the import taxes;
» Financial facilities;
» The progressive introduction on ITCs in schools.
What have been the major bottlenecks in the development of e-content in your country?
I would speak rather about the small size of the market than of bottlenecks. It is economic development which should be the basis of any national e-content development. But in terms of the production of e-content, the problem of low economic development is not felt since Morocco exports many projects in the framework of sub-contracts.
In developed countries ICT has become part of daily life and e-content development is primarily left to the initiatives of individuals or organizations. On the other hand, in less developed countries, the development of e-content is largely dependent on ICT infrastructure. Please give a detailed analysis of the situation in your country.
All the infrastructure relating to ICT are developed in Morocco in terms of IP bandwidth or mobile and land telecommunications.
How would you describe the ICT scenario in your country? Please describe it in terms of infrastructure, penetration, acceptance and policies.
ICTs in Morocco, show a real imbalance between the development of technologies and the absence of a sufficient national market able to absorb all the products of these national technologies. Hence, a big part of the national production is realized within a framework of sub-contracting for export. Moroccan citizens don’t use ICTs as much as the ideal would demand but the professional sectors use ICTs in the exercise of their respective trades.
How do you see the future of e-content development in your country?
Morocco has established the strategy ‘e-Maroc’ which consists of the following:
» Strategic orientations;
» Generalization of ICTs;
» Accelerated deployment of the infrastructure;
» Acceleration of liberalization and competition;
» Redefinition of the role of the State;
» Installation of the means of the strategy.
Some of the Goals envisioned are:
2002: To install the means necessary for rapidgrowth.
2005: To reach the standards of the emergent countries i.e. 3 million Internet surfers (or 10% of the population).
2010: To reach the standards of the industrialized countries.
As an expert in your country, what would be the five most important pillars of e-content development?
» The integration of ICTs in schools and universities, would aid new generations to use ICTs spontaneously. infrastructure development is necessary, since no e-content development is possible without a good ICT infrastructure;
» Access facilities: People should be ICT sensitive and all required the facilities should be implemented to encourage the use of ICTs in all the sectors.
» The integration of ICTs in schools and universities, would aid new generations to use ICTs spontaneously.
» The exchange of knowledge is a must to make and consolidate partnerships.
» Economic development is essential.
Please explain which is the most preferred medium for e-content development: Print, TV, the Internet, Radio, Mobile/Wireless or a combination of some of these?
TV and Mobile