References, Sources & Resources


» Australian Bureau Statistics» NOIE pocket factbook 2003;

Internet users:

» CIA;

» ABS Household Use of Information Technology, Australia (cat. no. 8146.0). 2003 Australian ICT Industry Trade Update,,5911_3090361,00.html

» Australian Universities

» Number of websites/domain hosts:

» Literacy statistics

» Education OECD:,2340,en_2649_201185_141524 82_1_1_1_1,00.html

» Youth population



Century describes how innovation is fostered through ” transdisciplinary “knowledge pr duction” And that the conditions include the 5 following frameworks to be supported: Instruments of the imagination, Creative users, Access, Reflexivity,Public access. (or incluision)

This work and the catalogue can be accessed at: This site provides a great survey of digital / ICT innovations in Canada and also lists festivals, awards, associations and government agencies.


» Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade,
» Canadian Foundation for Innovation
» Canadian Film Centre
» Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
» As two other examples of support for interesting new media development, see these central awards: Pioneering Content ( and Telefilm
For more information on the state and use of ICTs in Canada, see this comprehensive resource: This is an important resource for Canadians working across sectors to understand development, trends and application across sectors both nationally and locally.

The Right Honourable Jean Chretien, Prime Minister of Canada, Reply to the Speech from the Throne, January 2001 (referenced in the executive summary of Canada’s Innovation Strategy;

Canada’s innovation strategy can be found at; ICT sector responses to this can be found at Industry Canada’s site: Here you will find information across each sector and the regions that focus on one or several of these sectors.

This study can be found at:

» http://
Michael Century remarks that in the  “emerging digitally networked society, the creative arts and cultural institutions in general are mutating by forming a constellation of productive relationships with science and technology research systems, industry, humanistic and social science scholarship.” This comment is made about Canada’s historical and current affinity with artistic and scientific experimentation in Technology.

This is not to diminish how the business boom served industry best practice (and aesthetics) well. It was also during this time that the pan-industrial importance of usability came to the fore – resulting, to a significant extent, on consumer or business needs focussed work and mindset.

A counter phenomenon is also occurring where TV/film institutions and production houses are also loosing funds and now look to interactive digital content and asset creation as a means of recouping production costs through new profit channels and funds. (Cinefocus Canada,, is an example of a small, broadcast documentary production company that is investing in the conceptualization and production of innovative interactive works.)

Other honourable mentions as discrete entertainment properties also come from Trapeze: is an online mystery using continuously ‘running’ cameras, to allow users to monitor the action and characters in all rooms as the story unfolds. White Noise is also a mystery where users navigate in a 360° audio and visual space following characters around a party.

Also of note is the Global Public Health Intelligence Network (GPHIN) application that scans and compiles public-domain information sources for early warning and tracking of health events. It is a collaboration between the WHO and Health Canada.

A good example of interesting web work is the stunning project, A is for Apple (, by David Clark, Chemical Pictures.

Vincent John Vincent’s Vivid Group ( takes a deserved leadership position on this ground, creating excellent applications across industry sectors. David Rokeby ( has also created powerful artistic installation and video pieces and several international collaborations. A company to watch is the new company, Simbioz ( that is currently experimenting with gesture-based technology applications.

For example, there is Napoleon Brosseau’s seed project, referenced at
China & Hong Kong


» HDI 2003


» IDNIC, 30 June 2003
» IDNIC, 3 November 2003, compiled by Merlyna Lim
» APJII, 2003 and ITU, 2003, compiled by Merlyna Lim
» ITU 2000, 2001, 2002, compiled by Merlyna Lim
» 2002, ITU estimation
» ID domain only, 2003, IDNIC
» 2002, Unesco
» 2000, Net, Primary Level, Unesco
» 2001, gross, Secondary Levels, Unesco
» 2001, Gross, Tertiary Level, Unesco
» 2001, Gross, All Levels, Unesco



» Central Statistical Office
» Telecom Plus
» Mauritius Telecom
» Internet Software Consortium



» Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy
» National Readership Survey, 2002
» Exchange4Media
» Ministry of Telecommunications
» Orbicom, 2002
» ISP Association of India
» Cellular Operators Association of India
» Asia-Pacific Internet Handbook, 2002
» Telegeography

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