Sources & Reference


1. Source: Conference Board of Canada, January 2001.
2. Source: Taylor Nelson Sofres, June 2001.
3. Source: “The Development of Broadband Access In OECD Countries,” OECD/TISP, June 2001.
12. Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade,
13. Canadian Foundation for Innovation
14. Canadian Film Centre
15. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
16. The Right Honouurable Jean Chretien, Prime Minister of Canada, Reply to the Speech from the Throne, January 2001 (referenced in the executive summary of Canada’s Innovation Strategy;
17. Canada’s innovation strategy can be found at; ICT sector responses to this can be found at Industry Canada’s site: Here you will find information across each sector and the regions that focus on one or several of these sectors. This study can be found at:
20. Found at:
21. Michael Century remarks that in the “emerging digitally networked society, the creative arts and cultural institutions in general are mutating by forming a constellation of productive relationships with science and technology research system, industry, humanistic and social science scholarship.” This comment is made about Canada’s historical and current affinity with artistic and scientific experimentation in Technology.
22. This is not to diminish how the business boom served industry best practice (and aesthetics) well. It was also during this time that the pan-industrial importance of usability came to the fore-resulting, to a significant extent, on consumer or business needs focused work and mindset.
23. A counter phenomenon is also occurring where TV/ film institutions and production houses are also loosing funds and now look to interactive digital content and asset creation as a means of recouping production costs through new profit channel and funds. (Cinefocus Canada,, is an example of a small, broadcast documentary production company that investing in the conceptualization and production of innovative interactive works.)
24. A good example of interesting web work is the stunning project, A is for Apple (, by David Clark, Chemical Pictures.
25. Vincent John Vincent’s Vivid Group ( takes a deserved leadership position on this ground, creating excellent applications across industry sectors. David Rokeby ( has also created powerful artistic installation and video pieces and several international collaborations. A company to watch is the new company, Simbioz ( ) that is currently experimenting with gesture-based technology applications.


4. (in “Observatoire de l’administration électronique”)


1. (IC) Digital Availability and the Digital Gap, 2005
Itzik Cohen, Senior Deputy to the Accountant-General at the Finance Ministry (in Hebrew)

2. (MC) Ministry of Communications

3. (DW) Dov Winer, Israel Country Report, MINERVA 2004: the National Representatives Group: coordination mechanisms for digitisation policies and programmes 2004).

4. (ISTH) Israel Hanukoglu, Ph.D. Editor, Israel Science and Technology Homepage

5. (IAEI) Israel Electronics & Software Industries, 2004

6. (MFA) Ministry of Foreigh Affairs

7. (UO) Uri Olenik, Director General, Ministry of Communications, 2004

8. (CBS) Central Bureau of Statistics

9. (UH) Uri Har, (2005) Director General, IAEI
Israel Association of Electronics & Information Industries

10. (ISERD) National Contact Point (NCP) for the European Union’s Framework Program for R&D


1. Murakami, Teruyasu, “Establishing the Ubiquitous Network Environment in Japan—from e-Japan to U-Japan—” NRI Papers No. 66, Nomura Research Institute, July 1, 2003.

2. CIA World Fact book ( Accessed Oct. 14, 2005.

3. Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, Japan. Information and Communications in Japan, Stirrings of u-Japan White Paper, 2005.

4. Internet Association Japan, survey of 2005. Accessed Oct. 14, 2005.


1- TRC Quarterly Report – September 2003

2- ICT Industry Statistics Fiscal Year 2002 – A Survey Conducted by int@j (December 2003)

3- Jordan Communications Projections Report – Arab Advisors Group (September 2003)

4- Jordan Internet and Datacomm Report – Arab Advisors Group (November 2002)

5- National Information Technology Center –

6- Jordan Telecom

7- int@j estimate

8- Department of Statistics

9- A market study of the level of Internet and technology use amongst Jordanian SMEs, (February 23, 2003)

10- E-Government Team… MoICT


1. Impact of Investment in and Utilization of ICT on Market Extension: Overview of SME’s in Tanzania”,

2. University of Dar es Salaam, November 2004;

3. ICT Assessment- 2003 ITU Indicators;

4. National ICT Policy 2003;

5. Miller Esselaar and Associates (2001) “A Country ICT Survey for Tanzania”, SIDA, November

6. Nzuki, Margareth “Tanzania Business Portal – an Initiative to enhance Tanzania SMEs Participation in the

7. Digital and Knowledge Based Economy, and;

8. Nielinger, Olaf, “Fact Sheet – ICT Utilisation of Small and Medium Sized Enterprises in Tanzania” April 2003

9. Websites:,,

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